The purpose of the government is to protect the weak, the poor, and the unfortunate. Nature is not fair—it grants excessive abilities to a few men, and less to most men. If the few, who are blessed by nature, are allowed to accumulate too much wealth, then there will be social unrest. By taking wealth from the rich and distributing it to the poor, the government ensures that discontent does not spread in the masses.
Can man transcend the laws of nature? Man is so small and nature is so big. The answer is: Yes, we can. We transcend the laws of nature by judging nature, just as we judge everything that is manmade. We judge nature and we try to cure its imbalances and unfairnesses. We make progress when we use the power of the government to free ourselves from nature’s tyranny. Nature has not created an equal planet but man will create an equal society. In a lawless jungle, unfairness and inequality abounds—the powerful creatures slaughter the weaker creatures. In a civilization, the government takes from the powerful and distributes it to the weaker sections.
This is the basic premise (a simplistic view) of the Fabian theory of government.