The Collapse of the
Pakistan’s dictator General Zia Ul-Haq credited the CIA for the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan. But most Islamic theocrats in South Asia and the Middle East, and the Afghan mujahideen, armed and trained in urban warfare by the CIA, did not see America as an ally. For them, Allah was the only ally; they insisted that they had won because of Allah’s mercy.
In retrospect, it is clear that the American political establishment, led by President Ronald Reagan, was clueless about the global ambitions of the Islamic groups that they were training and arming in South Asia. In the early 1980s, they could not have known that their policy of using Pakistan as a base for fomenting mujahideen-led anti-Soviet insurgency in Afghanistan would have an unintended consequence: worldwide Islamic terrorism.
If the Soviet Union had been allowed to rule Afghanistan, the communists might have succeeded in secularizing both Afghanistan and Pakistan. By ensuring the defeat of the Soviet Union, the Americans created political space for Islamic fundamentalism to grow and become a world power.
After 9/11, the Western media started covering Muslims as the perpetrators of terrorism. But for ten years, the CIA was in bed with the Afghan mujahideen—their unholy coupling led to the birth of the dangerous child called Al-Qaeda. 9/11 and other terror events, including those in Kashmir, were the unintended consequence of American policy in South Asia and the Middle East.