Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Civilizations: Anvil or Hammer

“In ancient times it was necessary to be either anvil or hammer,” wrote Theodor Mommsen in the third volume of the History of Rome. Mommsen’s saying is true not just for the Roman times but for modern times as well The clash of civilizations is the fundamental driver of history—it represents a natural system by which history weeds out the weak civilizations (the anvils) and promotes the ones that are strong (the hammers). It is the hammers among civilizations who win, while the anvils among civilizations decline and fall.

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