The story of civilizations is not a novel. It is an anthology of short stories, many of which are unconnected with each other. An array of man made, natural, and chance related events and factors play a role in the rise and fall of civilizations. No philosopher or historian can faithfully capture the cause and the consequence of these events and factors. To understand any civilization, you have to examine not only its books of history and philosophy but also its dominant language, its political and economic system, its religion, rituals, legends, and art.