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Saturday, November 23, 2019

The Illogicality of Philosophical Movements

All philosophical movements are energized by the claim that they have discovered the answers to the ultimate philosophical problems, but this claim has to be false because the fundamental problems in philosophy have multiple answers: What is the ultimate nature of things? What kind of human enterprise should be designated right or wrong? What is the ultimate moral standard? Why does man have natural rights? Individualism or security of benevolent groups; liberty or order; justice or compassion or charity; nationalism or globalism; free markets or social stability; traditionalism or progressivism; religious morality or atheistic morality— we are always being torn between abstract extremes. Philosophy quests for certainty and knowledge of the whole but this aim is unattainable—what philosophy achieves is arguments for defending particular positions, and where there are arguments, there will be counterarguments.

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