Philosophy and politics are more difficult than you think. If you are convinced that these are easy subjects, then you are lacking in historical consciousness. The more philosophy and politics you know, the less and less sure you become about the path that human beings and societies ought to follow for attaining peace, prosperity, and moral and material progress. There is a massive disconnect between history of philosophy and history of politics, which proves that a connection between philosophical theory and political action cannot be developed. The fundamental tenets of moral theory and political theory cannot be argued or demonstrated without making an appeal (an illogical leap) to religious ideals, man’s intuitions, the so-called self-evident truths, the utilitarian ends, the deontological doctrines, and virtue ethics.