Religion is never justified by history and science; in advanced civilizations, it’s justified by philosophy, and in primitive civilizations, it is justified by mythology and superstition. The first rationalistic knowledge that was developed by mankind is primitive religion—this happened during the Stone Age. When mankind moved into the Bronze Age and Iron age, their primitive religion had accumulated sufficient knowledge to justify elementary philosophy. With further advancement of civilization, there was a reversal in the roles of philosophy and religion—philosophy gained maturity and thinkers started deploying philosophical theories to justify their religion. An example of this trend is Aquinas’s use of Aristotelian philosophy for making a case for scholasticism. But if philosophy can justify religion, it can also belittle it. The fall of scholasticism paved way for the rise of modern atheistic philosophy.