Being a master of ethical philosophy and being capable of mastering yourself are two different values which seldom coexist in a man. There is not a single philosopher of ethics who has demonstrated through his conduct that he is capable of practicing the ethical ideas that he preaches. When judged on the basis of their own ethical principles, all philosophers of ethics appear unethical. Aristotle was right when he defined virtue as the “golden mean” between the two extremes, one of excess and the other of deficiency. The identification and the practice of perfect virtues is beyond the scope of the human mind—the best we can do is try to approach the approximate or the “golden mean” of the virtues.
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