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Friday, August 14, 2020

On Two Types of Revolutions

Revolutions are of two types: first, the revolutions in which the system of government is transformed and a new regime comes to power, but no harm is caused to the cultural institutions and the peoples civil liberties; second, the revolutions which entail not only a fall of the government but also a destruction of the cultural institutions and the peoples civil liberties. The American Revolution of the eighteenth century was of the first type, while the French Revolution of the eighteenth century and the Bolshevik Revolution of the twentieth century were of the second type. The conservatives (from the time of Edmund Burke) support the first type of revolutions and oppose the second type. Burke, for instance, was a supporter of the American Revolution and an opponent of the French Revolution.

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