Most cultures are grounded in the ideas of “chosen people” and “utopia,” but where do these ideas come from? The ancient philosophers and politicians were the inventors of these ideas. They invented the myth of chosen people and utopia to motivate their people into dedicating their lives to the cause of achieving certain political and cultural goals. Once people are convinced that they are god’s chosen ones, and that they are destined to reach the heavenly utopia, then they will make great efforts and face all kinds of risks and hardships for the achievement of any goal.
In modern times, the idea of chosen people and utopia has been used with devastating effect by the atheistic political movements. Lenin created his Soviet Empire on the backs of his followers who believed that they were the chosen people and that they would be the first to enter the Marxist utopia. Mao used a similar strategy in China, Pol Pot in Cambodia, and other communist leaders in their own country. The idea of chosen people and utopia has been used even by philosophical movements like Auguste Comte’s Positivism and Jean-Paul Sartre’s Existentialism.