Tuesday, August 27, 2019

Kant’s Characteristics of Artistic Judgement

In his The Critique of Judgment (1790), Immanuel Kant identifies four characteristics that have to be present for an evaluation to be seen as a judgement on the level of aesthetics:

1. The judgment must be disinterested, which means that the considerations of utility have to be absent.

2. The judgement must be offered as universal, not merely personal.

3. The idea of there being a necessary connection between the pertinent properties of the object and the aesthetic pleasure that is derived from it must be assumed in the judgement.

4. The objects on which the aesthetic judgment is being made have a purpose, though they are not designed to serve a purpose—they are “purposive without purpose.”

The question is that if the aesthetic judgments are not elementary sensations and compounds of these, but are decisively cognitive, and even epistemic from the point of view of the beholder, then how are such judgements made? According to Kant, the aesthetic judgments are drawn from a framework or categorical scheme of possible judgments, a scheme that grounds all judgment and that is neither empirical nor logical but foundational. Kant is not a Romanticist, but he holds that artistic genius is manifested in beings through whom nature speaks.

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