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Monday, February 25, 2019

Pepper’s Response to Logical Positivism

By restricting knowledge to the claims of belief founded on evidence of observable data and formal reasoning, the positivists deny the possibility of metaphysics as a meaningful cognitive enterprise. Stephen C. Pepper’s World Hypothesis can be seen as a direct response to logical positivism. He shows that despite its cognitive attractiveness, the positivist position is untenable.

Here’s an excerpt from World Hypothesis (Page 322):

"If positivism is undogmatic and merely asserts that the refinements of multiplicative corroboration in terms of data are highly reliable, there is no ground for objection to it. But if it is dogmatic, and asserts that multiplicative corroboration is the only legitimate aim of cognition, and that only empirical data are reliable factual evidence, and only logical data reliable means of theoretical construction, then positivism is exceeding the grounds of evidence available."

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