Eric Blair (George Orwell) was born in Motihari, India, on 25 June, 1903. The picture shows Eric Blair, with his mother Ida, in the autumn of 1903.
Orwell's 'Animal Farm' was published was published in 1945. A political fable set in a farmyard but based on Stalin's betrayal of the Russian Revolution, it made Orwell's name. 'Nineteen Eighty-Four' was published in 1949. Set in an imaginary totalitarian future, the book made a deep impression, with its title and many phrases - such as 'Big Brother is watching you', 'newspeak' and 'doublethink' - entering popular use.